Wire-like charge transport at near constant bridge energy through fluorene oligomers

  • Posted on: 10 July 2014
  • By: admin
TitleWire-like charge transport at near constant bridge energy through fluorene oligomers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsGoldsmith R.H, Sinks L.E, Kelley R.F, Betzen L.J, Liu W.H, Weiss E.A, Ratner M.A, Wasielewski M.R
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume102
Pagination3540-3545
Date PublishedMar 8
ISBN Number0027-8424
Accession NumberISI:000227533100006
Keywordsanodic-oxidation, building-blocks, distance dependence, electron transfer, exchange interaction, hopping, molecular-wire, order multipolar character, phenylenevinylene oligomers, photoinduced electron-transfer, radical-ion-pairs, recombination, superexchange
Abstract

The study of photoinitiated electron transfer in donor-bridge-acceptor molecules has helped elucidate the distance dependence of electron transfer rates and behavior of various electron transfer mechanisms. In all reported cases, the energies of the bridge electronic states involved in the electron transfer change dramatically as the length of the bridge is varied. We report here, in contrast, an instance in which the length of the bridge, and therefore the distance over which the electron is transferred, can be varied without significantly changing the energies of the relevant bridge states. A series of donor-bridge-acceptor molecules having phenothiazine (PTZ) donors, 2,7-oligofluorene (FLn) bridges, and peryiene-3,4:9,10-bis(dicarboximide) (PDI) acceptors was studied. Photoexcitation of PDI to its lowest excited singlet state results in oxidation of PTZ via the FLn, bridge. In toluene, the rate constants for both charge separation and recombination as well as the energy levels of the relevant FLn+center dot bridge states for n = 1-4 are only weakly distance dependent. After the initial photogeneration of (1)(PTZ(+center dot)-FLn-PDI-center dot), radical pair intersystem crossing results in formation of (3)(PTZ(+center dot)-FLn-PDI-center dot) that recombines to give 3*PDI. The dependence of the (PDI)-P-3* yield on an applied magnetic field shows a resonance, which gives the singlet-triplet splitting, 2J, of the radical ion pair. The magnitude of 2J directly monitors the contribution of coherent charge transfer (superexchange) to the overall electron transfer rate. These data show that charge recombination through FLn is dominated by incoherent hopping at long distances.

Alternate JournalP Natl Acad Sci USA